The final assignment is a project of your own choosing. The goal of the project is to consolidate your knowledge of the key concepts in CS107e, and to do something creative with your Raspberry Pi.
You have over two weeks to complete the project. There are a few important deliverables:
Project team formation: due 11:59pm Thursday, November 15
Form a team of 1 to 3 people. In our experience, 2 is best. Add the Github usernames of your team members to this Google form so that we can create a repository for your team.
Project description: due 11:59pm Thursday, Nov 29
You should receive an email from GitHub indicating that your repository has
been initialized. The initial repository will contain a single file:
proposal.md. Clone your project repository and edit this file to add your
project proposal. When you are finished, push it to GitHub.
The project proposal should include:
Each project team has a budget of $20 per person for hardware. Please send us an email if you would like to buy anything. Be aware that if you need to mail order parts, it can take time, so figure out what you need ASAP and place the order. Also, you should first check the list of sensors we already have on hand (see below).
Each team member should be responsible for a clearly identifiable part of the project.
We will still have labs the two weeks leading up to the project demonstration. These labs will be a good time to check-in with the course staff; they are eager to help you create a great project. In the second lab, we will check whether you have made your milestone. Please don’t wait until the last minute to get started on your project.
Project demonstration: Fri, Dec. 14, 8:30 AM-11:30 AM, Gates B21
We will have a class demo day for all projects. The demos are scheduled during the final exam period. Each group should prepare a short demonstration of the project.
Project code and writeup: due Fri, Dec. 14 at 8:30 AM
You should be using the github repository for coordinating the work amongst your team. As such, you should be regularly checking in and out code. The final commit of your code must be received by 11:59 pm on Wed June 13.
Create a short writeup about your project and place it in README.md. If you have used code or ideas from other people, please attribute their work. It’s fine to use code from online, but you must reference where you got the code, and what changes you made. It should be clear what you did, and what others did.
The writeup should also include a short description of what work was performed by each member of the team.
Beyond what you’ve seen in the course, we have some additional materials which you can use in the final project.
We have a number of different hardware sensors which you could use for your project; they’re available for you to check out in lab. Let us know if you’d like to use one of them.
The Raspberry Pi has on-board SPI and I2C controllers, which you can use to communicate with many kinds of sensors and devices that speak those protocols. For example, if you want to have analog input, we have an analog-to-digital converter, the MCP3008, which would communicate over a SPI interface with your Pi. You are welcome to write your own SPI or I2C driver for your device as part of your project. However, if you would like to use an existing implementation, there are versions in libpi that you are free to use (make sure to cite that you used these implementations).
libpi also contains an experimental filesystem interface which you can use to interact with the files on the SD card. This enables you to do operating-system-like things, like maybe run programs off the card, or store large data files without having to copy them over the bootloader every time, or save documents.
Here are some good vendors for electronics hardware.
Jameco Jameco has a great selection of electronic parts. They are also located in Burlingame near SFO. If you order from them, normal mail via the postal service will arrive the next day. If you have a car, you can also drive up there and pick up parts at the Will Call.
Pololu Has a wide selection of parts for robotics, including sensors and motor drivers. They also document their parts very well.
Adafruit Limor Fried has founded a company devoted that caters to makers of all types. Besides building great products, they also have extensive tutorials and learning guides.
Sparkfun Another great source for hobbiest electronics.
For basic electronics such as transistors, op-amps, you should also check out lab64, the EE Department Maker Space.
Here are some projects from past years:
Talk to the course staff if you want more information or you think you could use code from one of these projects.
You have the start of a graphics and input library. Extend your graphics library to draw additional types of objects, and your input library to handle a game controller.
Some examples of input devices that you could use to control your game:
A homebrew game pad made of buttons. Most game pads have two buttons (A and B) for game control, and 4 buttons used as a d-pad (left, right, up, down).
Your PS/2 keyboard and/or mouse.
Atari 2600 paddle controllers (or other paddle controllers).
Old-school NES, SNES, or other simple gamepads with simple digital protocols.
Once you have better input, you are all set to build a game. Build a simple game such as Pong or Tetris, or even better a game of your own design.
Another cool thing you can do is communicate with old game cartridges, since you can connect the pins on the cartridge to the GPIO pins on the Pi.
We described how to generate notes on the Raspberry Pi. With that knowledge, you can
Create a simple music player that allows the user to choose from a list of simple melodies. Add buttons on a breadboard for control (skip, pause, play, volume?)
Turn your keyboard into a music keyboard, so that keys play individual notes and pressing multiple keys at the same time combines the notes. Use a combination of timers and low-level keyboard access to enable you to record and then loop tracks.
Take a music synthesizer such as the Korg Monotron and hack it to add MIDI support with one Pi, then have a second Pi control it over MIDI. Alternatively, build your own music synthesizer.
Your project should be about building a working system that does something cool.
However, if you build some support infrastructure, then you can build a more impressive system. A good sub-project for a team member is to build a component of the system.
Up to now, we have only read digital values using GPIO. The Raspberry Pi, unlike a microcontroller like an Arduino, cannot read analog values.
Many sensors are analog:
In order to read analog values, you will need to interface an analog to digitial convertor (ADC) to the Raspberry Pi. An example of an ADC is the MCP3008, which can be controlled from the PI using the Serial Peripheral Interface (SPI) protocol.
Write a program that uses some analog inputs to produce an interesting result, such as a screen visualization or sound.
Build a simple network that allows multiple raspberry pis to communicate over a shared medium (only one Pi can transmit at a time). One way to do this is to connect TX and RX pins to a shared line.
It is also possible to communicate by other means. For example, you could use sound, light, or radio waves.
Finally, you’ve seen in class how “digital” lines aren’t purely digital. You could design your circuit to make bits as sharp as possible to see how fast you can transmit and receive. You might find that sending bits faster means you’ll have to send smaller packets, so optimize for overall data transfer, not just the bit rate.
The raspberry pi has a very powerful GPU. In fact, the GPU is much faster than the CPU. The GPU assembly language is similar to, but different, than the CPU assembly language. It is possible to download code to the GPU using a mailbox, and then call that code. Learn about the GPU and build a library for programming the GPU.
Can you think of a computationally intensive task that could be off-loaded to the GPU? At the very least, you can clear your screen buffer faster!